Living with a Neurological Condition

Neurological conditions are health disorders involving the brain and nervous system which have a number of causes including problems at birth, changes in the blood and oxygen supply to the brain, injury, infection or biochemical changes.  Some effects can be seen, for example if there is paralysis or weakness of any part of the body, or they may be hidden from view.

They include multiple sclerosis, motor neurone disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, dementia, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, Huntingdon’s disease and acquired brain injury. But, whilst the conditions mentioned are relatively well recognised there are in fact over 600 known neurological conditions and disorders that can result in varying degrees of mental and physical disability or ill health.

People with neurological conditions often experience health and social care that is fragmented and disconnected and they may not be adequately informed about the services which could potentially help them. To find help with a condition, our searchable A-Z of conditions will give you a good starting point.

If the A-Z of conditions doesn’t have the details you require then you might find more information by visiting the websites of the Brain and Spine Foundation or the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

  • Acoustic Neuroma

    Acoustic Neuroma is a slow growing benign brain tumour (non-cancerous). First symptoms are usually hearing loss or tinnitus and, more rarely, balance problems. For more information contact:

    British Acoustic Neuroma Association

  • Alzheimer’s Disease

    The most common type of dementia, symptoms include loss of memory, confusion and problems with speech. For more information contact:

    Alzheimer’s Society

  • Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) (Hughes’ Syndrome)

    APS is sometimes called ‘Sticky Blood Syndrome’ because people with it have an increased tendency to form clots in blood vessels, also known as thromboses. Any blood vessel can be affected including the veins and arteries. For more information contact:

    Hughes’ Syndrome Foundation

  • Arachnoiditis

    Arachnoiditis is an inflammatory condition that occurs inside the spine, around the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots. Pain originates from the nerve roots and generally affects the lower parts of the body but can affect the spine in the head, neck and upper back. Damaged nerve roots can cause muscle spasms, jerks, and weakness. For more information contact:

    Arachnoiditis UK

  • Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)

    AVMs can occur in the brain, spine, lungs, kidneys and the skin following the abnormal development of blood vessels, which produces a tangle of blood vessels. For more information contact:

    AVM Support UK

  • Ataxia

    People with Ataxia have problems with co-ordination and balance. Cerebellar Ataxias are a group of rare neurological disorders many of which are inherited. There is large variation in the severity of the different types, and the rate of progression varies between individuals. For more information contact:

    Ataxia UK

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

    ADHD is a common condition, affecting more boys than girls. It is an impairment of either activity or attention control (or both), and impacts on concentration, impulse control, hyperactivity, motivation and time awareness. For more information contact:

    Attention Deficit Disorder Society

  • Autism and Autistic Spectrum Disorder [ASD]

    Autism is described as a spectrum disorder because the condition affects people in different ways and varying degrees. It is a lifelong neurological condition which affects social and communication skills. Autism is not a learning disability although some people with Autism can also have specific learning difficulties such as Dyslexia.

    Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a life-long developmental disability affecting social and communication skills. Whatever the level of intelligence, everyone with the condition shares a profound difficulty in making sense of the world. Also included on the Spectrum is Asperger’s Syndrome, Rhett’s Syndrome or Fragile-X Syndrome. Common co-morbid neurological conditions include Dyspraxia, Dyscalculia, Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD), Tourette’s and Epilepsy. For more information:

    National Autistic Society

  • Behcet’s Disease

    Behcet’s Disease is a chronic condition which happens because of disturbances in the body’s immune system. The system becomes over-active and produces unpredictable outbreaks of unwanted and exaggerated inflammation anywhere where there is a blood supply, the most common outbreaks being mouth ulcers, genital ulcers, and eye inflammation. The disorder may also cause various types of skin lesions, arthritis, bowel inflammation, and meningitis (inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord). For more information contact:

    Behcet’s Syndrome Society

  • Bell’s Palsy

    Bell’s Palsy is a condition in which one side of the face becomes paralysed. Usually temporary, the majority of cases start to get better within three months. The exact cause of the condition is unknown but it is believed that viral infection of the facial nerve is commonly involved. For more information contact:

    Bell’s Palsy Association

  • Brain Injury

    An Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is an injury caused to the brain following an injury such as road accidents, falls, tumours, haemorrhages, and strokes. There are many effects caused by injury including:

    • Physical: loss of co-ordination, muscle rigidity, paralysis, epilepsy, difficulty in speaking, loss of sight, smell or taste, fatigue and sexual problems
    • Cognitive: problems with memory, attention and concentration, low tolerance of noisy or stressful environments, loss of insight and initiative
    • Behaviour and personality: anxiety, depression, loss of motivation, difficulty controlling anger and impulsiveness

    For more information and support:

    Headway UK – the brain injury association
    Brain and Spine Foundation

    BASIC (Brain and Spinal Injury Centre)
Child Brain Injury Trust

  • Brain Tumour

    Cells within the brain normally grow in an orderly and controlled way, but if for some reason this order is disrupted, the cells continue to divide and form a lump or tumour. A tumour may be either benign or malignant (cancerous). Brain tumours can be primary or secondary

    • Primary brain tumours start in the brain. It is extremely rare for them to spread elsewhere in the body. Primary brain tumours may be benign or malignant
    • Secondary brain tumours are malignant tumours that have occurred because cancer cells have spread into the brain from cancer in another part of the body

    Brain Tumour UK


    Samantha Dickson Brain Tumour Trust Astro Fund (Research)

  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome occurs when the nerve running into the hand becomes entrapped or compressed at the wrist as it passes through the ‘carpal tunnel’. Early symptoms include tingling affecting parts or all of the hand. Symptoms are often worse at night

    Arthritis Research Campaign (ARC) [NO LINK]

  • Cavernoma

    Cavernoma otherwise known as cerebral cavernous malformations or cavernous angioma.  This condition primarily affects the brain and less commonly the spine. A Cavernoma is a commonly unheard of condition but by no means rare, it can affect asymptomatically 1 in 600 people in the UK.  People who experience symptoms are much rarer.  A cavernoma looks like a blackberry. It is made up of abnormal blood vessels. Cavernomas can measure from a few millimetres to several centimetres. A cavernoma can get bigger, but this growth is not cancerous, and it does not spread to other parts of the body.

    Cavernoma Alliance

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cerebral Palsy is a disorder of movement and posture. It is due to damage to, or failure in, the areas of the brain that control movement. Difficulties can include awkwardness in walking, or of hand and arm movements, or speech


    NHS Choices

  • Charcot Marie Tooth Disease

    Charcot Marie Tooth Disease is a condition that affects the peripheral nerves in the arms and legs, and leads to progressive muscle weakness. Both the sensory nerves, which send messages back to the brain about touch and feel, and motor nerves, controlling movement, are affected

    CMT United Kingdom

  • Cluster Headaches

    A Cluster Headache is an excruciating pain that affects one side of the head. Each attack develops suddenly, usually without warning. Attacks last from fifteen minutes to three hours and usually occur in clusters – several attacks over a few weeks or months and then they stop for a while

    OUCH (UK)

  • Creutzfeld Jacob Disease (CJD)

    CJD is a rare, untreatable, fatal illness affecting the brain. It is one of the group of transmittable spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). CJD is divided into four different forms, which have different cause and symptoms, but they share the same basic disease process of the accumulation of abnormal prion protein in the brain tissue. For more information contact:

    CJD Support Network
    National CJD Surveillance Unit
    Human BSE Foundation
    National Prion Clinic

  • Dementia

    Dementia is a term used to describe various different brain disorders that have in common a loss of brain function that is usually progressive and eventually severe. For more information contact:
    Alzheimer’s Society

  • Devic’s Disease

    Devic’s is an inflammatory disease of the nervous system, which usually affects only the optic nerve and the spinal cord. It can cause a decrease in vision and varying degrees of weakness or paralysis in the legs and arms. For more information contact:

    Devic’s and NMO Worldwide Support

  • Dysphasia

    Dysphasia is an acquired disorder of language, usually caused by stroke, head injury or other neurological condition. People with dysphasia find it difficult to understand, speak, read or write language, yet their intellect remains intact. For more information contact:


  • Dystonia

    Dystonia is a movement disorder, characterised by involuntary and often painful, prolonged spasms of muscle contractions, frequently causing twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal postures. Dystonia may accompany other neurological problems. It can affect a single part of the body, the whole body or any mid-way position between these two extremes. For more information contact:

    Dystonia Society
    A.D.D.E.R (Action for Dystonia, Diagnosis, Education and Research)

  • Encephalitis

    Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain, usually occurring as a result of a viral infection. For more information contact:

    Encephalitis Information Resource

  • Epilepsy

    Epilepsy is a group of conditions that have epileptic seizures as a symptom. Epilepsy is a neurological condition where there is a tendency for people to have repeated seizures that start in the brain. Anyone can develop epilepsy and although it can start at any age, it is more common in children and people over 65. An epileptic seizure is a sudden, short-lived event which results in messages from the brain either stopping or becoming confused causing a change in a person’s awareness of where they are, what they are doing, their behaviour or their feelings. For more information:

    The National Society for Epilepsy (NSE)
    Regional Manager: Dee Moore,
    Tel: 0191 252 0504 or 07980 359 390

    Epilepsy Action
    David Lewis Centre for Epilepsy
    National Centre for Young People with Epilepsy (NCYPE)

  • Essential Tremor

    Essential Tremor is a neurological disorder, in which patients have a rhythmic trembling in one or more hands, head, legs, trunk and voice. The tremor is more visible during movement than at rest. For more information contact:

    National Tremor Foundation

  • Familial Spastic Paraplegia (FSP)

    FSP or Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia is a group of inherited disorders, which are characterised by progressive weakness and stiffness of the legs. For more information contact:

    FSP Group

  • Fibromyalgia

    Fibromyalgia is a condition characterised by muscle aches and pains. Other symptoms often include fatigue, sleep disturbance and headache. For more information contact:

    Fibromyalgia Association

  • Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

    FASD, Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders is an umbrella term for several diagnoses that are all related to prenatal exposure to alcohol (i.e. while a baby is still in the womb)

    The term “Spectrum” is used because each individual with FASD may have some or all of a spectrum of mental and physical challenges. In addition each individual with FASD may have these challenges to a degree or “spectrum” from mild to very severe.

    For more information contact:

    The FASD Trust

  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS)

    GBS is an inflammatory disorder of the peripheral nerves – those outside the brain and spinal cord. It is characterised by rapid onset of muscle weakness and loss of sensation and, in serious cases, can lead to paralysis of the legs, arms, breathing muscles and face. Recovery usually begins within two to three weeks, and only a minority of cases have long-lasting problems. For more information contact:

    Guillan-Barre Syndrome Support Group

  • Huntington’s Disease

    Huntington’s Disease, sometimes called HD, is a family illness caused by a faulty gene and a progressive hereditary disorder of the central nervous system which damages the nerve cells and causes a gradual loss of function. It used to be known as Huntington’s Chorea. Usually developing in adulthood causing a broad range of symptoms, the disease affects both men and women in equal prevalence. For more information contact:

    Huntington’s Disease Association
    Specialist HD Adviser   John Gregor  0191 262 2358

  • Hydrocephalus

    Hydrocephalus is caused by a build-up of cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain. It can occur in association with Spina Bifida, other causes include infections such as meningitis, premature birth, a head injury or a stroke. Hydrocephalus can lead to problems with skills such as concentration, short-term memory, organisation and co-ordination. For more information see:

    The Shine Charity
    Hydrocephalus Association, National Office, 42 Park Road, Peterborough, PE1 2UQ
    Tel: 01733 555 988
    Hydrocephalus Association, Northern region, 64 Bagley Lane, Farsley, Leeds, LS28 5LY
    Tel: 0113 255 6767

  • Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

    A genetic disorder caused by a breakdown of the myelin sheath surrounding nerve cells in the brain. Often diagnosed in childhood, the most common symptoms are a slowdown in mental and physical development. For more information contact:

    Friends of Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

  • Leukodystrohy

    A genetic disorder caused by a breakdown of the myelin sheath surrounding nerve cells in the brain. Often diagnosed in childhood, the most common symptoms are a slowdown in mental and physical development. For more information contact:
    British Trust for the Myelin Project, 139 Hulme Hall Road, Cheadle Hulme, Stockport, SK8 6LQ
    Tel: 0161 292 3191
    The Myelin Project (USA)

  • Lissencephaly

    Lissencephaly is used as an umbrella term to describe a range of disorders where the whole or parts of the surface of the brain appear smooth. Children with lissencephaly are severely neurologically impaired and often die within several months of birth. For more information about support contact:

    Lissencephaly Launch pad

  • Lyme Disease

    Lyme Disease is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Borrelia Burgdorferi. The disease is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected tick. If left untreated it can affect the skin, heart, nervous system and joints. For more information contact:

    Lyme Disease Association

  • Meniere’s Disease (MD)

    MD is a disorder of the inner ear characterised by vertigo, tinnitus and hearing loss. Meniere’s Disease is a long term, progressive disease which damages both the balance and hearing parts of the ear. For more information contact:

    Meniere’s Society

  • Meningitis

    Meningitis is an inflammation of the spinal cord and the brain lining (meninges). Common symptoms are usually high fever, headache, stiff neck and a red / purple rash. For more information contact:

    Meningitis Trust
    Meningitis Research Foundation

  • Migraine

    Migraine can be a debilitating neurological condition, which often strikes without warning. It affects different people in different ways but common symptoms include an intense, throbbing headache (usually on one side of the head), sensitivity to light and noise, nausea or vomiting. Visual disturbances are also common. For more information contact:

    Migraine Action Association
    The Migraine Trust

  • Miller Fisher Syndrome

    Miller Fisher syndrome is a rare, acquired nerve disease that is considered to be a variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome. It is characterised by abnormal muscle coordination, paralysis of the eye muscles, and absence of the tendon reflexes. Additional symptoms include generalized muscle weakness and respiratory failure. The majority of individuals with Miller Fisher syndrome have a unique antibody that characterises the disorder.

    Treatment for Miller Fisher syndrome is identical to treatment for Guillain-Barré syndrome: intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) or plasmapheresis (a procedure in which antibodies are removed from the blood) and supportive care.

    The prognosis for most individuals with Miller Fisher syndrome is good. In most cases, recovery begins within 2 to 4 weeks of the onset of symptoms, and may be almost complete within 6 months. Some individuals are left with residual deficits. Relapses may occur rarely (in less than 3 percent of cases).

    The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Strokes supports research aimed at discovering new ways to diagnose, treat, and, ultimately, cure neuropathies such as Miller Fisher syndrome.

  • Motor Neurone Disease

    Motor Neurone Disease (MND) causes a progressive weakness of many of the muscles in the body. The most common type of MND is called ‘amyotrophic lateral sclerosis’ (ALS) but there are other less common sub-types. There is no cure for MND but treatments can help to ease symptoms and disability. In MND, motor nerves become damaged and cease to work. The muscles that the damaged nerves supply gradually lose their strength. Symptoms tend to start in different ways for everyone affected by MND. However, as the disease progresses, any of the symptoms may be present.

    Motor Neurone Disease Association
    North East Care Advisor – Helen Ward, Tel: 0845 375 1820
    Cleveland, East and North Yorkshire – Colin Pearson, Tel: 0845 375 1837

    North East Motor Neurone Disease Trust

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological condition affecting young adults. For some people, MS is characterised by periods of relapse and remission while for others it has a progressive pattern. For everyone, it makes life unpredictable. MS is a life-long condition, but it is not terminal, and people with MS can expect to live as long as anyone else. Symptoms of MS include visual problems, muscle, bladder or bowel problems, pain, mobility, cognitive and emotional difficulties and fatigue. Symptoms for MS vary in severity and affect people differently. People with MS need a variety of services and equipment to help them manage. For more information contact:

    Multiple Sclerosis Society

    Service Development Officers;
    North East and North Cumbria – Angela Stewart – 07827 281109
    Yorkshire and Humberside – Liz Whilde – 07899 967622 –

    North of England
    Yorkshire and the Humber
    Scottish Borders

    Multiple Sclerosis Trust
    MS Research and Relief Fund
    The Multiple Sclerosis Resource Centre

  • Multiple System Atrophy (MSA)

    MSA is caused by the degeneration of cells in certain areas of the brain, which control different body systems. This cell degeneration causes problems with movement, balance and automatic functions of the body, such as bladder control. For more information contact:

    Jennifer Trust for Muscular Atrophy
    Sarah Matheson Trust

  • Muscular Dystrophy

    The muscular dystrophies are a group of neuromuscular disorders. These conditions are characterised by the loss of muscle strength, as progressive muscle wasting or nerve deterioration occurs. Many, but not all, are inherited. For more information contact:

    Muscular Dystrophy Campaign
    NeuroMuscular Centre

  • Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME)

    ME is a potentially chronic and disabling neurological disorder, which is characterised by persistent fatigue and muscle pain. For more information contact:

    ME Association
    ACTION for ME
    Association of Young People with ME

  • Myasthenia Gravis

    Myasthenia Gravis is an autoimmune disease, which results in a breakdown in communication between nerve and muscle. This results in loss of effectiveness of the muscle. The progression and severity of the disease vary widely. For more information contact:

    Myasthenia Gravis Association

  • Narcolepsy

    Narcolepsy is a neurological condition of the sleep / waking regulating mechanism, resulting in excessive daytime sleepiness. Its most common manifestation is an irresistible urge to fall asleep even in circumstances such as in the middle of a meal. For more information contact:

    Narcolepsy Association UK

  • Neurofibromatosis

    A genetic disorder, mainly of the nervous tissue, causing benign tumours on nerve tissue anywhere in the body. For more information contact:

    The Neurofibromatosis Association

  • Neuropathy

    Neuropathies are processes affecting nerves, either single nerves or a generalised disorder. Damage occurs to the nerves that travel between the brain and the spinal cord to the muscles, skin and other parts of the body, causing pain. For more information contact:

    The Neuropathy Trust

  • Niemann-Pick Disease (NP)

    NP is an inherited metabolic disorder in which harmful quantities of a fatty substance accumulate in the spleen, liver, lungs, bone marrow and, in some people, the brain. For more information contact:

    Niemann-Pick Disease Group UK

  • Parkinson’s Disease

    Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurological disorder affecting learned voluntary movements such as walking, talking, writing and swallowing which is caused by a loss of dopamine in the brain.

    Parkinson’s UK
    Parkinson’s UK North East Regional Team:
    Regional Manager: Ebbie Hulland, Tel: 0844 225 3600, Email:

  • Pick’s Disease

    A progressive dementia occurring in middle-life, characterised by slowly developing changes in character and social behaviour, usually including impairment of language, due to degeneration of the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. For more information contact:

  • Pituitary Disorders

    Disorders of the pituitary gland are relatively rare. The most common problem of the pituitary gland is when a benign tumour develops. Symptoms include headaches and visual problems. For more information contact:

    Pituitary Foundation

  • Polymyositis

    Polymyositis is an inflammatory muscle disease that causes varying degrees of decreased muscle power. The disease has a gradual onset – the most common symptom is muscle weakness. For more information contact:

    Myositis Support Group

  • Post-Polio Syndrome

    Post-Polio Syndrome is a condition where some polio survivors re-present (on average 30 years after their original illness) with further deterioration in functional ability, increased pain and increased muscle weakness. For more information contact:

    British Polio Fellowship

  • Prader-Willi Syndrome

    Prader-Willi Syndrome is a genetic disorder, which is present from birth. It is characterised by a number of behavioural and psychological features including low muscle tone, excessive appetite (leading to obesity, if not controlled), and immature physical development. Many people diagnosed with Prader-Willi Syndrome have borderline or moderate learning difficulties. For more information contact:

    Prader-Willi Syndrome Association

  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP)

    PSP is a progressive brain disease leading to the death of nerve endings (neurons) in the area of the brain controlling balance, vision, movement, speech and swallowing. Progression varies considerably from one person to another. For more information contact:

    PSP Association

  • Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD)

    RSD is a chronic pain disorder, which can occur after trivial injury, often involving soft tissues around joints. The pain is extremely severe and far outweighs that normally produced by tissue damage. It can go into spontaneous remission or be a long-lasting problem. For more information contact:

    RSD UK

  • Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)

    RLS is characterised by intensive discomfort within the legs and an unremitting urge to move them. For more information contact:

    Ekbom Support Group

  • Rett Syndrome

    Rett Syndrome is a complex neurological disorder that mainly affects girls. It usually becomes evident in the second year of life, and leads to profound mental and physical disabilities. For more information contact:

    Rett Syndrome Association UK

  • Sarcoidosis

    Sarcoidosis is a systematic disorder, which can affect any organ of the body, most commonly the lungs, skin and eyes. Cells cluster together in tiny nodules, or sarcoid granulomas, as an inflammatory response to infection or another cause. The disease can range from a mild, self-limiting condition to a severe, chronic and progressive illness. For more information contact:

    SILA The Sarcoidosis Charity

  • Sjogren’s Syndrome (SS)

    SS is an auto-immune disease in which the immune system attacks the salivary and tear glands, leading to dryness of the mouth and eyes. For more information contact:

    British Sjogren’s Syndrome Association

  • Spina Bifida

    Spina Bifida (split spine) is a fault of the spinal column in which one or more of the vertebrae fail to form properly thereby leaving a gap. It occurs early in pregnancy and is therefore present at birth. For more information contact:

    ASBAH (Association for Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus)

  • Spinal Cord Tumour

    Spinal Cord Tumours are abnormal growths of tissue within the spinal column and are mostly benign. They tend to develop very slowly and worsen over time, unless treated. Symptoms include pain, sensory changes, and motor problems. For more information contact:

    Spinal Cord Tumour Forum

  • Spinal Injuries

    Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord, which results in loss of function such as mobility or feeling. Most spinal cord damage occurs as a result of physical injury, such as car accidents, falls, etc. The level of injury and extent of paralysis depends on where the spinal cord was damaged and how severely. For more information contact:

    Spinal Injuries Association (SIA)

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)

    SMAs are a group of inherited neuromuscular conditions. The anterior horn cells of the spinal cord degenerate, resulting in weakness of the muscles. Usually the legs are more affected than the arms. For more information contact:

    Jennifer Trust for Muscular Atrophy

  • Stroke

    A Stroke is caused by a blockage, a bleed or interruption in the blood supply to the brain that can result in a sudden onset of symptoms such as numbness, weakness or paralysis on one side of the body, a drooping arm, leg or lower eyelid, a dribbling mouth, slurred speech, difficulty finding words or understanding speech, sudden blurred vision or loss of sight, confusion, unsteadiness or a severe headache. The effects of a stroke will depend on the part of the brain that has been injured, how bad the injury is and general health when the stroke happens. For more information contact:

    The Stroke Association
    Regional Coordinator; Peter Moore – 0191 487 9988

    Different Strokes

  • Subarachnoid Haemorrhage (SAH)

    SAH is a sudden bleeding over the surface of the brain, under the arachnoid layer. Bleeding usually originates from a ruptured aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation (AVM). The most common symptom is a sudden, severe headache, often followed by loss of consciousness. For more information contact:

    The Stroke Association

  • Syringomyelia

    Syringomyelia is a disorder affecting the nervous system, where fluid-filled cavities develop inside the spinal cord. A variety of conditions can lead to this. Symptoms vary, ranging from neck and arm pain through to fairly severe disability with muscle weakness and paralysis. For more information contact:

    Ann Conroy Trust

  • Tourettes Syndrome

    Tourette Syndrome is a neurological disorder characterised by multiple tics, which are sudden, repetitive involuntary movements and sounds. The condition varies greatly in its severity. Children may also have other behavioural problems. For more information contact:

    Tourettes Action
    Tourette Syndrome UK

  • Transverse Myelitis (TM)

    TM is a rare neurological disorder caused by inflammation of the spinal cord across one level of the cord. The main symptoms of the disease are reduced muscle strength and altered sensation below the affected area. For more information contact:

    The Transverse Myelitis Society

  • Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN)

    TN is an extremely severe facial pain, which tends to come and go unpredictably in sudden shock-like attacks. The pain is along the pathway of the trigeminal nerve, typically the upper or lower jaw or the cheek, and is usually confined to one side of the face. For more information contact:

    Trigeminal Neuralgia Association UK

  • Tuberous Sclerosis (TSC)

    TSC is a complex multi-system disorder, which produces tuber-like growths on the brain. These calcify with age, and can also be found on other organs including the heart, skin and kidneys. It affects people in many ways and with varying severity. For more information contact:

    Tuberous Sclerosis Association